Warning: This article has not yet been accepted for publication by a peer reviewed journal. It is presented here mainly for the benefit of fellow researchers. Casual readers should not act on its findings, and journalists should be wary of reporting them.
clinmed/2000050006v1 (May 26, 2000)
Contact author(s) for copyright information
Analysis of Factors Influencing An Adolescent's
Intention To Be A Non-smoker
Urmi Sen, and Arindam Basu
Objective—To analyze the determinants of the adolescents' intention to be non-smokers.
Design — Cross sectional, school based survey of students in the ninth and eleventh grades.
Responses were analyzed using a binary logistic regression model.
Participants— High School students in Calcutta aged 14 to 18 years.
Main Outcome Measure — Intention of the subjects to remain lifetime non-smokers.
Results— A total of 1973 students (males-73.79% and females-26.21%) were interviewed. Of
them, 1950 students (98.8 percent) responded to the question whether they were determined
never to smoke in their lifetime (male -73.5%, female - 26.5%). In a multivariate analysis,
intention to remain a non-smoker had statistically significant associations with studying in
private schools, father being a non-smoker, high degree of perceived danger of smoking,
unfavorable impression of a regular smoker and good academic performance. Of all the
significant determinants, perceived danger related to smoking had the strongest association and
showed a dose response relationship to the intention to remain non-smoker.
Conclusions—This study suggests that social factors and belief about adverse consequences of
smoking exert significant influence on an adolescent’s decision to remain non-smoker. For early
prevention of smoking among the youth, the dangers to health on smoking need to be emphasized.