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clinmed/2001010005v1 (March 5, 2001)
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Endoscopy and Anxiety

Mehmet Ungan, and Sedat Isikli

Objective.Gastrointestinal symptoms are mainly treated in primary care. Some of the patients go on complaining altough they already have a long treatment. The main objective of the present study was to compare state and trait anxiety level of the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy patients in the Middle East Technical University MedicalCenter (METU-MC). Design. State and Trait Anxiety Inventory were applied to the patients undergoing endoscopy.The results of the tests were compared within the group and between the state and general anxiety scores. Setting.Middle East Technical University Medical Center provides primary care service to 17000 students and 3000 staff and their families. Nearly 300 upper gastrointestinal endoscopies are performed in a year in the center. Participants. All of the endoscopy patients in March 1998(n=33).Participants who were engaged to take endoscopy were applied State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). At the post intervention State Anxiety Inventory was applied. The pre and post mean of State Anxiety level were compared. Results. The mean age was found to be 31.45 (sd=12.09). Significant differences was found between patientsí state anxiety level and the cutoff point of the scale (t= 6.40, sd= 85, p<0.001). However, there was no significant differences between pre and post intervention state anxiety level. Conclusion. The relapse of the symptoms can be related to the general anxiety level of the patients.Further studies should consider larger samples and the control of the contaminent variables. For this reason, general anxiety level should be controlled statistically by the means of multiple regression model.